for Georgia's Vehicle Emissions Inspection & Maintenance (I/M) Program.

stations & inspectors

Used Vehicle Sale Information

Georgia’s Clean Air Force (GCAF) manages a monitoring and complaint program for used vehicle sales of vehicles that do not have a proper vehicle inspection report (VIRs) on record. Georgia law requires that “No person shall sell any responsible motor vehicle, as defined by the Act, intended for highway use without a currently valid passing Certificate of Emission Inspection, as required under this Chapter, if the purchaser is required to register the vehicle in any covered county.” The 13 covered counties include the following: Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale. The seller is not required to provide the buyer with a copy of the VIR. Please note: the Georgia Environmental Protection Division (EPD) can only investigate sales that have occurred within Georgia. The seller and buyer must be located within the 13-county testing area at the time of sale in order for a violation to be issued

For Sellers

GCAF reminds all sellers located within the 13-county testing area that compliance with DNR Rule 391-3-20-.18(1) is mandatory. Failure to comply with this law may result in penalties. Your responsibilities as a seller are outlined here. Sellers may view summaries of a vehicle’s most recent vehicle inspection reports (VIRs) by clicking here. You may also download the Dealer Compliance flyer on used vehicle sales. Used car dealers are encouraged to post the following flyer in their dealerships to help their customers understand their rights: What to Do Before You Buy. Used car dealers and dealership employees that would like to receive periodic updates from GCAF, click here. If you have questions regarding your responsibilities, please call 1.800.449.2471 or submit an e-mail to

For Motorists

Before You Buy

Before purchasing a used vehicle, GCAF encourages buyers to download the What to Do Before You Buy document. The document details the seller’s obligation regarding the sale.

If you are a new Georgia resident: You must register your vehicle in Georgia. Before you can register, you must have a valid Georgia driver’s license or ID. You must apply for a Georgia driver license and register your vehicle within 30 days of becoming a Georgia resident. For license assistance, visit the Georgia Department of Driver Services website. For vehicle registration assistance, visit the Georgia Department of Revenue website.

After You Buy

If you are unsure if a used vehicle you recently purchased has a passing inspection on file, click here to search via the vehicle identification number (VIN) for a summary of the vehicle’s most recent vehicle inspection reports (VIRs). If you wish to obtain a full copy of an emissions test record, send an email to with your VIN.

If you purchased a used vehicle that was registered in the 13-county area that did not have a passing VIR at the time of sale and the seller refuses to comply, you may request an investigation by the EPD. If you wish to file a complaint, complete the Used Vehicle Sale Complaint Form. Submit the complaint form, along with the required documentation (1. a copy of the bill of sale* and/or title that provides the seller’s name and address, the buyer’s name and address, and the sale date; and 2. an affidavit – a hand written or typed explanation for your reason(s) for submitting a complaint). A representative from GCAF will contact you via mail or email once the case has been reviewed.

*If you recently moved to Georgia, your address on the bill of sale or title must be an address from within the 13 covered counties that require emissions testing in order for you to qualify for a used vehicle sale violation.

The EPD will not represent the complainant in any legal matter nor will they negotiate a vehicle buyback or repair settlement between the buyer and the seller. The EPD will handle each complaint separately and consistently administer its enforcement policies and protocols. Any legal action between the buyer and seller is independent of enforcement actions taken by the EPD.

Vehicle Purchased from a Dealer in a Non-Emission Testing County

According to Georgia law, the dealer is not responsible for selling a vehicle with a valid vehicle inspection report (VIR).

Vehicles Purchased from an Individual in a Non-Emissions Testing County

According to DNR Rule 391-3-20-.18(1), the seller is not responsible for selling a vehicle with a valid vehicle inspection report (VIR).

GCAF does not offer temporary waivers or tags in any situation.

If you have questions regarding your rights and the complaint procedure, please call 1.800.449.2471 or submit an e-mail to